Coconut Oil Pie Crust

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Flaky Vegan Coconut Oil Pie Crust in muffin tins

Coconut oil pie crust has eluded me for a while now, but after many attempts, I’m so happy to have found a method that works!

Why Coconut Oil?

It’s natural, dairy-free, vegan, gluten free, easy to find, versatile, unrefined, and unprocessed. Some even argue it’s a health food we should be eating more of.

Plus, our readers have been asking for a replacement for vegan butter in pie crust for a while now, and I knew coconut oil would be the perfect fit.

Coconut oil yields a perfectly flaky crust that’s easy to work with, versatile, and somehow doesn’t taste like coconut in the finished product! It’s borderline sorcery, I know!

Jar of coconut oil for making delicious Vegan Pie CrustScoopable, not Liquid

First things first: The consistency of the coconut oil is extremely important to ensure the success of this recipe.

You want the coconut oil to be in the state it’s typically in when you buy it at the store: Scoopable (see photo below).

If the coconut oil is too runny or liquid, the crust can be difficult to work with. I include some tips in the notes if your oil is liquid to ensure you start off on the right foot!

Spoonful of coconut oil resting on a jarDoes it Behave Differently?

No! Other than paying attention to the texture of the coconut oil, this crust behaves just like any other typical butter or margarine crust (with the exception of fancy edges on pie crust sometimes falling slightly while baking).

You’ll start by mixing the oil into your flour with a pastry cutter, then add ice cold water a little at a time until a dough forms. As with other crusts, be careful not to overmix. Last but not least, transfer to a floured surface and immediately roll it out! No need to let it rest. It’s as simple as that.

Mixing bowl of dry ingredients with chunks of coconut oil resting on topUsing a pastry cutter to mix coconut oil and dry ingredientsCan you use other flours?

Yes and no. I haven’t tested this crust with other flours yet, but am confident it will work with most other finely-milled, gluten-containing flours (such as white whole wheat flour and spelt). However, I have not yet tested it with gluten free flours, so stay tuned for updates!

If you try it yourself with an alternative flour (gluten free or not), let me know how it goes in the comments. I’d love to make this a more thorough and complete resource.

Bowl of Vegan Coconut Oil Pie Crust DoughRolling pin beside a freshly rolled out Coconut Oil Pie Crust

I hope you all love this crust! It’s undetectably dairy-free, incredibly easy to work with, and insanely flaky and delicious. Enjoy!

Small circular-shaped piece of Vegan Coconut Oil Pie CrustPie pan of Mini Vegan Pumpkin Pies made with Coconut Oil CrustBite of Pumpkin Pie sitting beside several mini pies

Coconut Oil Pie Crust

Easy, delicious pie crust made healthier with coconut oil! Extremely flaky, delicious, and versatile. Perfect for use in place of any traditional pie crust (without any coconut flavor!).
Author Minimalist Baker
Mini muffin tin filled with Coconut Oil Pie Crust ready to be baked
4.49 from 107 votes
Prep Time 20 minutes
Cook Time 45 minutes
Total Time 1 hour 5 minutes
Servings 12 (mini pie crusts // or 1 full pie crust per 12 mini*)
Course Dessert, Pie Crust
Cuisine Vegan
Freezer Friendly 2 Weeks
Does it keep? 2 Days


  • 2 cups unbleached all purpose flour
  • 1/2 tsp sea salt
  • 2/3 cup coconut oil (scoopable // not liquid)*
  • 3-6 Tbsp ice cold water


  • See notes about coconut oil to ensure it's the right texture before starting!
  • Add flour and salt to a large mixing bowl and whisk to combine.
  • Next add coconut oil in spoonfuls (see photo) and use a pastry cutter (or fork) to cut the two together, until it resembles wet sand - about 30-45 seconds.
  • Add ice cold water 1 Tbsp at a time and use a wooden spoon to gently mix. Add only as much water as needed to help it come together and form a dough - about 3-4 Tbsp (amount as original recipe is written // adjust if altering batch size).
  • Use your hands to gently knead/form the dough in the bowl and gather any loose scraps. Then transfer directly to a well-floured surface and form into a disc with your hands.
  • NOTE: If using the crust for 2 pies (or 1 bottom crust and 1 top crust), divide the dough in half to roll out separately (amount as original recipe is written // adjust if altering batch size). Otherwise, keep it in one piece.
  • Lightly flour the top of the dough, as well as a rolling pin, and gently roll into a circle the shape of your pie pan, about 1/8-inch thick. Add more flour as needed to prevent sticking. It’s fairly forgiving, so if it cracks, just patch it up with slightly wet fingers and reform.
  • NOTE: To make mini pies in a muffin tin, roll your dough about 1/4-inch thick (see photo), adding more flour if the crust sticks. Then use a large, round cookie cutter (~3 1/4-inch in diameter) to cut out as many circles as the dough will allow - you’re aiming for 12 (amount as original recipe is written // adjust if altering batch size), and you should have more than enough dough. Dust a large wooden cutting board (or other surface) with flour, and use a spatula to scoop on one circle at a time. Lightly flour top of circle, then use your rolling pin to gently roll it out slightly larger and thinner - about 1.5 times its starting size. Be careful not to get it too thin or it will be difficult to work with. Use your spatula to lift the crust, then use your hands to drape the crust into your muffin tin, allowing the edges to fold and curl over itself to accommodate its shape (see photo). Use your hands to carefully form the crust into the tins, being careful not to stretch the dough, but rather fold and push it down to meet the tin’s shape. Repeat until all tins have been filled and most of the crust is used - reserve any leftover for future pies or other baked goods.
  • If using a standard 9-inch (or similar size) pie crust, simply use the rolling pin to roll up crust and drape it over the pan. Form the edges simply (avoiding too tall of edges or fancy designs as the coconut oil doesn't hold it as well as butter) and add filling of choice (such as apple or pumpkin). Roll out remaining crust, drape over the top of pie, and seal (optional).
  • Bake pie(s) at 350 degrees F - 400 degrees F for desired length of time (will vary depending on filling - 30 minutes to 1 hour or more). If browning too quickly, tent the edges with foil to prevent burning.
  • To save uncooked dough for future use, wrap in plastic wrap and set in the refrigerator for 2 days, or in the freezer for up to 2 weeks. Thaw before using.


*Make sure your coconut oil is scoopable (in the state it typically is when you buy it at the store), not liquid. If it's too liquidy and pourable, this will negatively affect the crust. To fix, set jar in refrigerator to firm up for 30 minutes, then stir and let rest another 30 minutes at room temperature. The oil should be consistently solid, not partially solid and partially liquid. Repeat this process (of chilling, stirring, resting), until the right texture is achieved (see photo of spoon with oil). This is key to ensuring the crust texture is just right and dough is easy to work with. (For best and most consistent results, be sure to store your coconut oil in a cool, dark place to keep it at the right texture/consistency.)
*Recipe (as originally written) yields enough for one 9-inch pie + enough crust for topping/sealing, OR enough for 12-14 mini pies (made in muffin tins).
*Cooking time will vary depending on pie filling.
*Nutrition information is a rough estimate.
*RECIPE for the Mini Pumpkin Pies!

Nutrition (1 of 12 servings)

Serving: 1 mini pie crusts Calories: 184 Carbohydrates: 15.9 g Protein: 2.2 g Fat: 12.3 g Saturated Fat: 10.1 g Polyunsaturated Fat: 0.29 g Monounsaturated Fat: 0.79 g Trans Fat: 0 g Cholesterol: 0 mg Sodium: 98 mg Potassium: 22 mg Fiber: 0.6 g Sugar: 0 g Vitamin A: 0.42 IU Vitamin C: 0 mg Calcium: 3.47 mg Iron: 0.97 mg

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  1. Juliet says

    It works! I made a nice crisp pastry, no salt and filled my patties and tarts with mince meat and jam, some of each. I had a bit left over and made a covered tart, brushed it with yoghurt and commercial breadcrumbs – not the yellow ones and it came out extra crispy.

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      Yay! Thanks so much for the wonderful review and for sharing your modifications, Juliet!

  2. Marie says

    Oh goodness gracious- this crust is fantastic!!
    I usually buy a vegan pre- made crust and disappointed. Crust can be such a hassle sometimes- I try to avoid it or do a cookie crust. However, I wanted to make a coconut cream pie for a small gathering. I’m usually never disappointed with a recipe from minimalist baker and reviews were good, so why not. I like that it’s not a stick of butter and also some shortening. I made the recipe as is, it was a little messy to roll out, but not too bad. I could definitely eat the whole pie! I will always be making my own crust from now on!!!! Thanks for another great recipe!!!

  3. Abbey C. says

    As a proud country girl baker for over 50 years, 20 of which have been wheat-free due to a food allergy, here are the best tips I can pass along for a successful pie crust:
    1) Before you start baking, put your oil in the refrigerator for at least half an hour. Whether you’re using coconut oil, butter, margarine, or shortening, you want it cold. The little clumps of flour and oil and air pockets from the cold ingredients is what gives you the nice flaky crust. Warm ingredients just give you a globby mess that can bake up tough.
    2) Sift your flour into the measuring cup to get your two cups. For wheat-free flour, my favorite is Bob’s Red Mill 1 for 1 GF flour.
    3) You can mix in a food processor on pulse. First flour with oil. Then ice water a tablespoon at a time until the consistency you want.
    4) If your wheat-free/ gluten-free flour doesn’t want to stay together (a pain we deal with for losing the gluten) simply roll and place into the pie pan in pieces, but handle it as little as possible to keep your hands from warming up the dough.

  4. Florian says

    I love this recipe, and have used it many times. Most recently, I made mini currant pies. The simple ingredients and quick prep are ingenious, however sometimes the ratios are a bit off, making the dough fall apart while you’re rolling it out. If you’re having trouble with this, I recommend:
    1. throwing a few pinches of flour under and on top of the dough
    2. pouring some more water on top of the dough
    3. rubbing it in and balling up the dough
    4. rolling it back out
    Hope this helps!

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      Thanks so much for the helpful tips, Florian! We’re so glad you enjoy it and have been able to troubleshoot when it’s giving you trouble!

  5. Barry says

    Hi. I am making a lentil pie with your crust. Do you recommend to parbake the bottom before filling it?

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      Hi Barry! We haven’t tried making a lentil pie with this crust, but we think it should be fine without parbaking! Let us know how it goes! xo

      • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

        Hi Chris, there’s no proofing needed with this recipe. Perhaps you meant to comment on a different one?

  6. Kelsey says

    The first time I made this recipe a few weeks ago, I think I followed the recipe as exactly as I could, however the crust came out super super hard! SO hard that when I tried to bite into my pie with a fork, I cracked the plastic container I was eating out of. However, a few days ago I tried the recipe again and the crust came out SOO nice and flaky! It broke apart really easily (which I think is good), and paired so well with my vegan chocolate mousse tart :). I’m not entirely sure how come the second time it worked out better, but I would say, even if it doesn’t turn out the first time, keep practicing :D- this recipe is a real gem!

  7. Jenn says

    Thank you so much for this recipe! My mom was recently diagnosed with breast cancer and now needs to avoid all soy. She is also dairy free and the shortening I would normally use to make pie crust has soybean oil in it and I had no idea what else to use!

    This crust came together so well.

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      We’re so glad it turned out well. Thank you for sharing, Jenn! Wishing all the best to you and your mom! xo

  8. Erin says

    Hi! My family and I are doing Veganuary, so I am on your website daily for ideas. I made this pie crust in my KitchenAid mixer, like I do my normal butter pie crusts. I needed 8 Tbs of water instead of 6, but it came out perfectly. Thank you!

  9. Kristy says

    I tried this with Trader Joe’s Gluten Free flour and the pie looked perfect, but the crust was hard as a rock! It was so hard that we could pick the pie up out of the dish and transport it to a cutting board, and couldn’t even cut it with a sharp knife. I’m guessing gluten is needed with this recipe?

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      Hi Kristy, gluten-free flours do make this more tricky. We’d suggest scanning the comments to see what others have tried (it seems to be hit or miss with GF blends in this recipe). If you press “ctrl+f” on a PC or “command+f” on a mac, a find bar should pop up that allows you to search for specific words (such as gluten) in the post and comments.

    • Michele says

      No problem using gf flour, although I’ve never tried TJs—may be that blend. I use Better Natter. But may be you didn’t hydrate enough or overbaked—recipe amounts just a guide!

  10. Nina says

    I really wasn’t expecting this to work, but I took you seriously about the fluffiness. I’m in Florida, if the coconut oil is out it is liquid, if it’s in the fridge it’s rock solid. I got silicone butter molds and poured the liquid in there and refrigerate. I measured out the amount and kept checking it until I could stir it to fluffy. Dumped in the flour, salt, and blended it with a pastry cutter. Put in a total of 5 tbsp. of ice water. Rolled it out on parchment paper and put it in the pie pan and into the fridge. I could tell the coconut oil was getting too warm. Made my pie and OMG a flakey crust! Thanks

  11. Wendy says

    you say they can freeze for up to 2 weeks. Have you tried longer? I would really like to get my crust for Thanksgiving done now

  12. Danielle B says

    I used gluten free flour (Anita’s Organic Mill Gluten-free flour). The interesting thing was that I didn’t really need the ice water… as a dough has already kind of formed with just coconut oil. The coconut oil wasn’t melted but maybe still too soft? So I added more flour and then some ice water but still didn’t need much. The result was fairly crumbly. I halved the recipe and used some to try to make muffin-sized pies. It was hard to get them out of the tin without crumbling. I put half in the fridge but it was too dry when I tried to use it today and just broke a part. Will be trying again – open to any suggestions! I am dairy, egg, and gluten free. I might try vegan butter next time.

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerDana @ Minimalist Baker says

      Hi Danielle! I’ve never used that brand of GF flour. Have you had any trouble with it before?

      • Mary says

        I made it gf with 1 cup almond meal and 1 cup Better Batter. I had to add extra water (3T). It rolled out pretty easily between 2 pieces of parchment paper, browned ok and tasted great! I’m trying not to eat grains so next time I will increase the almond meal.

        Dana, thank you for your amazing recipes!! You are my go to place for gf, no dairy and no egg recipes!! Also, I’m so happy you have been working on no refined sugar recipes!

        • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

          Aw, we’re so glad you enjoy our recipes, Mary! Thanks so much for your kind words and lovely review! xo

  13. Adi says

    I made it with whole spelt flour, turned out great! Had to add 30% more water. Made a vegan mushroom, onion and coconut cream pie

  14. Amy says

    THANK YOU! For years I’ve bought store ready made crust cause I was too intimidated to try to make my own. This recipe turned out beautifully and I’ll probably never by store bought crust again. Thank you for the tips. Very helpful. This dough does stretch back quite a bit when pre baking. I made it for your vegan pot pie recipe.

  15. Suekay says

    Yesterday I made four 9″ crusts for two chicken pot pies. It was my first time making a chicken pot pie and making pie crusts. They turned out great–almost perfect. The pies looked and tasted great. The top crust perfect–surprisingly flaky and really tasty. I say “almost” because the bottom crust was not fully cooked though I baked it first for about 8 mins. As it was my first, I though it would be cooked during another 30 mins of baking the whole pie. I guess I should have made the pie crust thinner. I read others say how theirs fell apart and was afraid. Good thing that I could perfectly roll it around the rolling pin and move it over to the pie pan. By the way, I used 11 tablespoons of ice water for two crusts. It worked great. I think maybe I will have just a top crust for the chicken pot pie next time.
    My questions are
    -Does a coconut oil crust behave the same even in a full size? Can I make it thin?
    -What would you recommend about pre-baking the bottom crust, like time and temperature?
    Thank you very much for sharing this terrific recipe.

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerDana @ Minimalist Baker says

      Glad you enjoyed it! I find the larger the pan the more difficult it gets (more prone to shrinkage while baking and difficulty in working with pre-baking). As for pre-baking the bottom crust I’d say 350-375 for 10-15 minutes?

      • Suekay says

        Thank you so much, Dana, for your tips and giving me a quick answer! Yes, I saw that the bottom crust shrunk quite a bit.
        I guess it would be hard to make this crust thin when it is large? Or is it just up to your skill?

        • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerDana @ Minimalist Baker says

          It all depends on the type and consistency of coconut oil and the quality of flour you’re using. As well as the type and size of your pan. This crust is admittedly more finicky to work with on some ways than a traditional butter crust. If you try any experimenting, let us know how it goes!

          • Suekay says

            Actually I had some dough left from the other day when I made four pie crusts and had frozen it. I took it out from the freezer and waited it to defrosted on the countertop in an early summer weather. It was taking forever. I had to defrost it in a microwave. Soon I had a semi-soft crust dough and slightly kneaded it before rolling it. Just before, I had prepared a pie pan full of chicken pot pie filling without a bottom crust. I successfully covered it with the crust and baked it for about 35 mins at 375 degrees F. There also was some pie filling left and I put it in a small pyrex ball and made a small/ragged crust from whatever left from the dough, which barely covered the top.This time, the crusts were rolled thinner than the last ones and everything went perfect. I really love this recipe.
            Of course I had to put a large baking sheet under these. There was a some boil-over partly because the crusts were not big enough and did not stuck to rim well without a bottom crust.

      • Hilary says

        I made this yesterday for little bacon and egg pies and it came out perfect!! I was a bit worried as there were a few little lumps of coconut oil but they disappeared once cooked. I did have some issues with some sticking to the tins but maybe I just didn’t oil enough. Thanks for the recipe!

  16. Hashina says

    I made this with a savoury vegetable curry pie filling and it came out perfect. I first baked the mini pie crusts for 20 minutes and then added the filling and baked for another 10-15 minutes.

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      Hi Jaz, we haven’t tried those substitutions, so we’re not certain. But we think whole wheat would work!

  17. Debbie says

    I just finished taking an apple pie out of the oven that I made using this coconut oil recipe and it turned out very well. I used the convection bake option hoping that it would help the crust brown and be flakey. One change I made was to use almond milk instead of water. Both my mother in law and my grandmother used to use dairy milk to make their excellent pie crust so I thought I’d use almond milk and see how it turned out. I’ll have try another pie to see what water is like for comparison – maybe one of those lovely blueberry pastry “packages” I watched in the little video that shows recipes being made, lol! Anyway, the pastry rolled out well, transferred to the baking dish well, didn’t collapse although there was room for it to do and was acceptably flakey. Yay! Vegan pie crust! Thank you so much! :-)

  18. Mary says

    This didn’t work for me, unfortunately. It was a crumbly mess. Fell apart as soon as I took a rolling pin to the dough. I put it back together and chilled for 30 minutes, and it still fell apart. I was about to just throw it out from frustration, but flour is scarce these days and food is expensive. I ended up adding way more water to make it gooey and just pressed it into the pie dish. Will see how it turns out.

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      Hi Mary, if it’s crumbly, that typically means it needs more water. Hope it turned out well!

      • Jeanny says

        This didn’t turn out for me.. found it too sticky, so I added more flour, then chilled and it was really stiff and had solid parts. Once I started kneading it, it went sticky again so could not work with it. I ended up putting in oven in case it worked but it was just crumbly.. I have no idea why it didn’t work, the coconut oil seems the right consistency needed.. obviously not though…

        • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

          Hi Jeanny, sorry to hear it didn’t turn out! It sounds like the coconut oil and flour mixture needed to be more of a crumb/sandy texture before adding the water. Hope that helps for next time!

    • Riele says

      I added a little more water when it was flakey. And I use parchment paper to roll out the dough so I don’t have to flour the pin or the counter. It you have silicone mats that should work too

  19. Kathy says

    Disaster…Followed the recipe (except for 1/2 c w.w. pastry flour, 3/4 c unbleached all-purpose). It seemed like 2/3 c coconut oil wasn’t enough. The whole thing just fell apart when trying to roll (ended up with 6 TBS ice cold water). I put the whole crumbling mess in 2 pie plates and patched it up as best as I could. I will be making a pecan pie later today, I wonder how it will hold together. Regardless, I wasn’t about to waste the ingredients (flour in short supply during pandemic!)

  20. Donna says

    Thanks so much for this excellent pie crust recipe! Have always used Crisco vegetable shortening only to find out its still comprised of hydrogenated oil so turned to coconut oil and went hunting for a recipe to replace my no fail dough and this one was perfect. Used the 6 TBSP water (noted someone said they used only 4 and had problems) and it rolled out easily with a floured pin. Coconut oil is so much better for a pie crust as unlike the Crisco which was absorbed into the apple filling causing it to become mushy, the coconut oil actually caused the apples to puff up and added great flavour to the pie. Wish I had tried it before and have now incorporated it into all my baking. Perfect recipe and wouldn’t change a thing.

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      We’re so glad you enjoyed this recipe, Donna! Thanks so much for the lovely review! xo

  21. Alyssa says

    I tried this recipe for the first time today, and hooboy was it a drastic experiment! I’ve been making pies since I was a child and it was an utter disaster….I rolled it out between two sheets of floured wax paper as I normally do and it just fell apart at the edges and all but shattered when I laid it in the pie plate. I have a feeling I need to give it another try with more ice water (I did use 4 TBSP, having always been wary of using too much water with shortening crusts). I’m curious how much of the results depended upon the altitude here in Utah and/or the humidity levels today (about 40% humidity)? I’m currently dairy-free for baby, but always interested in discovering cooking methods that require less processed ingredients. I haven’t tasted the pie yet, but it does appear delectable. Just super beat up.

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      Hi Alyssa, sorry to hear it didn’t turn out quite as expected! We aren’t familiar with baking at altitude, but it’s possible that was a factor.

    • Zaina Ammouna says

      I tried this pie crust with an apple filling. It was insanely good.
      Threw in 5 cups of sliced apples with a drizzle of lemon juice, cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves, coconut sugar, and some all purpose flour.

      Thank you so much! Amazing as usual!

  22. Willow Baker says

    I love this recipe. It was super easy to put together and didn’t use any of the very little butter I have left! We made little apple pies (with top crust) and they taste so yummy. I mean this in the best best way. It reminds me of how McDonald’s apple pies used to taste. It’s sandy and flakey and a touch salty. Ahhh-mazing.
    I did use whole wheat pastry flour instead of AP and I mixed vodka in with my water (about half and half) before I scooped out what I needed. I would do the exact same thing again. So good.

  23. Caroline Dweck says

    I have made enough pie doughs in my life to say this is the best pie crust recipe out there. Tasters couldn’t believe the flakiness and delicious buttery taste- and not a dot of sugar. Perfection!! Thank you :)

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      Thanks so much for the lovely review, Caroline. We are so glad you enjoyed it! Next time, would you mind leaving a rating with your review? It’s super helpful for us and other readers. Thanks so much! Xo

  24. Puja says

    I love how flaky the crust is! I have used buckwheat, all-purpose and combination of Indian flours. I have used the dough for a variety of recipes… including empanadas most recently. Yummy yum!
    I no longer put the dough in the fridge — haven’t tried the freezer — because it takes HOURS to become pliable again. I seal and put the prepared dough in the coolest part of one of my kitchen cabinets (temp around mid-50s in winter). Stays fine but I haven’t left it in there for more than 36 hours.

  25. Kristy Olney says

    So I made this and subbed the flour for Bob’s Red Mill 1 to 1 Gluten Free flour. I do NOT suggest this for someone who is unfamiliar with working with GF dough, because it WILL throw you off lol.
    GF dough does not come together like regular dough. It is impossible to roll it onto your roller and put it in the pan.
    I first attempted to make the mini pies, but when I would cut the dough and attempt to add it to the muffin tin it would break and I didn’t have time to mess with each (24 minis) one with the schedule I was on. I ended up making a 9″ pie.
    I have saved my entire recipe to my Recipe Keeper app. I made a GF, dairy free, AND sugar free pumpkin pie tonight for the dessert contest at my job’s company Christmas party and I didn’t tell anyone it with GF, DF, or SF and it WON. :D Thank you so much for this pie crust recipe. It will now be my go-to for pies.

  26. Zay says

    I swear I’ve made this before without a problem but this time around … well, let’s just say I tested my sister’s fire alarms at her new condo, I’m sure the neighbors loved that.

    Three things to learn:
    1. I typically keep my GF flour in the freezer (we use enough of it now I probably have no reason to do this anymore, but old habits for keeping rarely-used flours fresh die hard). Do not use frozen GF flour with this – it freezes the coconut oil and prevents adequate mixing in the first step. I had large chunks of coconut oil that just melted in the oven and dripped everywhere.
    2. Do not overtop the pie plate with this crust. It will drip everywhere. Put a pan underneath it, just in case.
    3. Coconut oil has a smoke point of 350*F. Set the oven at 345*F max.

    And finally, if you drip coconut oil all over your sister’s oven – be a champ and clean the oven thoroughly or she’ll never be able to use it again without setting off the smoke detectors.

    This is all at sea level.

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerDana @ Minimalist Baker says

      Zay, so sorry you had trouble! We’ll see about modifying this recipe to specify which flours to use / not to use. We definitely have had the best success with all purpose flour.

  27. Rachel says

    I tried it with gluten free flour and although I could roll it out it wouldn’t hold together and I ended up patting it by hand into the pie shell. I used cherry pie filling. It browned up very nicely and was very crumbly when cut so it didn’t look at pretty as it might have but it tasted great! Everyone loved it. Next time I’ll try with regular flour.

  28. Kat says

    This will be my first time making crust butter-free. I’ll be making vegan pecan pie. I am so used to pre-cooking crust before you add the filling. Will it be soggy/not cooked through if I don’t pre-cook the crust for 20 minutes with weights?

    Or just follow the recipe as is and don’t precook? Thanks so much and with great appreciation from this new vegan.

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      Hi Kat, we would say don’t precook as it might cause the crust to burn. But we haven’t tried this recipe with pecan pie and can’t say for sure. Let us know how it goes!

      • Kat says

        I made this with pecan pie and it turned out great! I had to use about 9 TBSP of ice cold water total to have it come together, but I followed your trick of measuring the coconut oil then putting in the fridge before I used it, and that definitely helped. I pre-baked it without the filling for about 5 minutes and no burning… definitely not the 20 minutes pre-bake I used to do with butter crust!

        I also had some non-vegans eat this and they said the crust tasted like it was cooked with butter. :) No coconut oil flavor at all.

        Delicious! Thanks again.

    • Margaret says

      I followed your recipe. I cook alot and I bake less often but I’m not a beginner. This was a disaster. Dough, if you could call it that, never came together. Who will reimburse me for the ingredients I now have to throw away? I fantasize about the day when people who post recipes have a money back guarantee. Then you don’t have to have “disposable” income to try a recipe. If you don’t like the taste, that’s one thing. Not working is another.


      • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerDana @ Minimalist Baker says

        Hi Margaret, sorry you had trouble here. Did you modify any of the ingredients or methods? Gluten-free flour makes this one tricky (all purpose works best). We did find that this recipe works best in muffin tins as it can contract a bit more in large baking dishes.

    • Kathryn Dumaresq says

      I was wondering if you have used this recipe for a vegie or chicken based pie at all? I am trying to make some foods for a friends birthday and her mum is gluten free and dairy free. I know gluten free can be tricky but was wondering taste wise if i was savoury pie

  29. Megan Devine says

    hello! can’t wait to try this! I am planning a black bottom pecan pie for thanksgiving -i have made this many times before and i always par-bake the crust (butter crust) so my bottom isn’t soggy. I have a feeling that this crust wouldn’t hold up with the coconut oil? thoughts?

  30. Mary says

    Love this crust! I can’t believe how easy it is to make something so delicious and flaky. I’ve made it twice now, once for sweet mini tarts and once for Minimalist Baker’s Simple Tofu Quiche (instead of the potato crust, which I’d still like to try someday), and both times, the crust worked beautifully. I like this recipe so much, I printed it out and stuck it in my copy of the Minimalist Baker cookbook. :-)

  31. Jason Nave says

    Must have been me because it was an ultimate disaster; I hate wasting quality ingredients and had to trash this batch. So, I don’t think I will be trying this again. It sure seemed simply. But then again I can’t tie my shoes without peeking.

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      Hi Jason, sorry to hear it didn’t work out for you. Would you mind sharing what went wrong? We would love to help troubleshoot, if possible!

  32. NB says

    Really, really excellent crust. amazing flake and really tasty – sometimes I find coconut oil makes things taste a bit empty or greasy, but not here. I added a pinch of arrowroot powder to the flour/salt (egg stand-in), and a splash of lemon juice to the ice water, like I do with butter crust. I didn’t use a significant amount of either because I didn’t want to mess with the recipe too much, but old habits die hard. :) Not sure if it made any difference, but the end product was great.

    One issue: when I first made the dough it was the perfect balance of soft and firm, then I put it in the fridge overnight – don’t recommend. The dough took forever to get soft again and kept falling apart when I tried to roll it out. I added a bit of water to the really bad spots and it worked out fine in the end, but if I’d made the dough the day of, rolling would’ve been much easier.

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      We’re so glad you enjoyed it! Thanks for sharing! It sounds like it dried out too much in the fridge overnight. If you aren’t able to roll the day of, freezing might work better? Otherwise, just make sure it is really well covered before adding to the fridge.

  33. Hannah Griffin says

    I wanted this to work so badly and I followed the recipe to a T but the dough was hard to work with. I could not get it rolled out and it stuck to the floured counter so much I finally just put it in the pie pan by hand piece by piece. I live in a humid, hot climate so maybe thats why.

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerDana @ Minimalist Baker says

      Hmm, that could be why. Perhaps you could try chilling the coconut oil a bit more before using next time? Coconut oil can be quite finicky in our experience unfortunately.

    • Ashlee says

      I love that this only has a few ingredients! I’m going to try this with a GF all-purpose flour :) Do you think this would work well with a meat pie as well as the dessert pies? I’ll be making a chicken and veg pie. Australians love savoury pies!

      • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerDana @ Minimalist Baker says

        I think so! Let us know how it goes, Ashlee! I have found that it behaves better in either ramekins or muffin tins vs a large pie pan, FYI.

  34. Steliyana says

    I used whole wheat pastry flour and turned out amazing! Didn’t really measured the water. I kept adding it until I had nice elastic dough that was very easy to put on big pie dish without tearing.

  35. Amy says

    I have recently gone vegan and I am trying to bring my 5 and 9 year old boys along with me. I have had some serious fails with vegan recipes I have tried for them – not tasting as good as the “original”. I am happy to report this crust turned out perfectly! I used the Target store brand of organic coconut oil and Bob’s Red Mill all purpose flour. I made berry hand pies with the main crust and then did simple cinnamon and sugar pinwheels with the pie crust scraps. My kids loved both. Yeah/phew.

  36. NC says

    This recipe saved my life (or the kiddo’s happiness, anyway)! The summer camp was making mini-pies using pillsbury. We’re vegan, so they checked the ingredients for me: no milk, they assured me.
    Not having had a good track record with Pillsbury, I double-check their package. Lard.
    Whipped this up, rolled it out on parchment paper and got it back to camp in time for the kiddo to cookie-cut and bake with everyone else. Thank you!

  37. Mingku says

    I made this with buckwheat flour & coconut oil for the first time using a brand new pie maker. It worked! I will do it even better next time. But I was very happy with the result.

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      Thanks so much for the lovely review, Mingku. We are so glad you enjoyed it! Next time, would you mind leaving a rating with your review? It’s super helpful for us and other readers. Thanks so much! xo

  38. Phil Haggardy says

    I don’t know if it is just because I made this recipe at a higher elevation but it absolutely did not work… I tried it a few different times, in a few different muffin/pie/baking tins… the dough just sort of collapsed into a big doughy disk… The top layer seemed flaky enough… but not usable…

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerDana @ Minimalist Baker says

      Phil – I’m sorry you had trouble here! When looking through the comments some other readers did mention having issues as a result of elevation. That may be the issue. Otherwise, did you modify the recipe at all? Did you get the coconut oil consistency right before cutting into the flour?

      • Phil Haggardy says

        I didn’t modify the recipe at all… And The coconut oil seemed exactly as described… It just seemed all collapsed… I tried baking it longer after the first 2 attempts…The top most layer seemed flaky enough, and tasted fine…. The more I think about it the more I think it’s an elevation issue… but without traveling far and repeating it is hard to be certain… If I do, will update…

  39. Megan says

    I made this as the crust for a vegan pot pie I was making so I added some thyme and rosemary to dough. I was really impressed with how this came out. I have never used coconut oil before for a pie crust. It cooked really well and came out nice and flaky. I will be using this recipe again for sure. Thanks Dana!!

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      So glad to hear you enjoyed this recipe! Thanks for sharing your lovely additions as well!

  40. Deedee Mann says

    Has anyone tried this recipe at high elevation? I recently moved to Mexico City (7,000ft) and I’m slowly learning to adjust all of my baking recipes. It typically requires increasing the temperature and liquid and decreasing the baking powder. I’d be grateful for any recommendations!

    • Phil Haggardy says

      Just tried it in Denver… It failed… As is this recipe the dough collapsed at this elevation… The taste was OK but didn’t hold a shape really turned into a disk

  41. Victoria Clutterbuck says

    Hello, I love this recipe! I’ve been using it for years. I do have one question though why is the shelf life in the refrigerator for extra dough only two days if Coke at all does not really expire? I ask because I have a Joe that’s been in the fridge for two weeks and it smells fine and would like to use it. Thanks and advance…And thank you for this excellent recipe!

  42. HealthyBakes says

    I’ve attempted to make this crust 3 times. The first time was for an apple pie and it turned out amazing. Flakey and crispy. The second attempt was for a vegan pumpkin pie and I made the dough according to the recipe so I can save half the dough for a second pumpkin pie I planned on making a couple days later. This time, the dough would not hold up well at all and I added so much water to make it stick together but it kept cracking and the cracks wouldn’t mold back together. My oil was stored in the kitchen pantry. After baking the first pumpkin pie the crust shrunk a lot in my dish and was very thick and stiff. The other half of the dough I left in the fridge for the next pie was a rock and I had to throw it out because I definitely couldn’t roll it out. I made a new batch of dough for my second pumpkin pie and I kept the coconut oil jar in my basement which was a bit cooler than my basement. It needed a lot more water again but turned out flakey and crispy.

    My recommendation is to ensure your oil is very cool, use ice cold water, and make your dough fresh when you’re going to bake it same day.

  43. Michaela Ellison says

    Bloomin supermarkets with all butter pastries. They don’t even do rubbish pies.
    Should have known to visit this page.
    Made for mince pies, absolutely delicious, perfect!!

  44. Sarah says

    Love it! I used this recipe for Cbristmas Eve dinner — and it was my first time making a pie crust! I was scared for a second because it needed a lot more water than the recipe indicates but I persevered and just kept adding water. The crust was tasty and flaky! Thank you!

  45. Caitlin says

    I made four batches of this pastry for savoury curry pasties. Turned out flaky and delicious! Very easy too. I used half spelt flour for one of the batches and that was also yummy although required less water.

  46. Angelene says

    I made this with plain flour and chick pea flour because I ran out of plain flour and it turned out well. Thank you for the recipe :)

  47. Mary says

    I made this crust using ap flour and made a vegan French apple tart. While I am not vegan, my son recently became vegan so I am learning with him how to prepare vegan meals. I wanted to prepare a healthy dessert for him and thought this pie crust will be perfect for my tart and it was! This is definitely staying in my saved recipes for future reference!!

  48. Fran says

    My neighbor gave me some golden delicious apples and noticed this recipe on your site. Love the idea of coconut oil. The crust was easy to put together and roll out but I was not too keen on the final product. Although it looked good, I found the crust doughy in the centre under the apples. The rest of the crust was baked but not golden. I used a glass pie plate. If that part had cooked it would have been better.

  49. Debbie says

    Hey Dana!
    Do you think it would be OK to substitute a third of the flour with almond flour/almond meal? I just want a nutty SC pastry to make a quince and pear tart and your recipe sounds amazingly easy and yummy!

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      Hmm we haven’t tried doing that, but another reader above had success in using almond flour! If you experiment with it, report back on how it goes. Good luck, Debbie!

  50. Brieanna A Soo says

    I made this recipe yet I used gluten free flour instead of all-purpose. To make up the GF flour I used
    1 1/4 cups GF flour blend (from the Minimalist Baker cookbook, plus I already added the optional xantham gum to my blend). I think my GF blend has a bit more texture than most since I made all the flours from scratch in my blendtec (ex. for rice flour I just ground up rice). I also used 1/4 cup homemade oat flour, 1/2 cup homemade almond meal, an extra pinch of xantham gum, and 1 flax egg. I only needed a couple tablespoons of ice cold water since my flax egg had some water in it.

    I chilled my dough for 15 minutes before rolling, and I used extra GF flour blend to roll out the dough. I had to be very gentle and re-flour my rolling pin a lot to prevent sticking. I wasn’t sure if the dough would stick to the muffin pan or not, so I coconut oiled the pan and dusted with GF flour blend first. I made fresh cherry filling, so I baked them at 350 degrees for 38 minutes total in my oven.

    I thought for sure they would fall apart since the dough kept crumbling, yet they actually held together! The crust had a nice flavour and it was a bit crunchy (I think that was due to the slightly coarser rice flour in the GF blend). I would call this a “rustic tasting crust” since there are so many different flours in the dough, it ends up looking a bit speckly and golden brown vs. buttery coloured pastry.

    I would love to know how to make the crust less crunchy and more like a “flaky pie crust” while still keeping it GF and vegan. Any suggestions would be appreciated! :)

  51. Tracy says

    I just made this for the second time because my gluten free, dairy free teenage daughter loves it and requested it for her “birthday pie.” No issues with rolling or consistency. Turned out great both times. Thank you!

  52. Selam says

    I made this with Bob’s Red Mill Whole Wheat Pastry Organic Flour and in order to get the right texture of the dough I had to add more ice water.

  53. Melissa McClelland says

    I absolutely love this recipe and have replaced my original fave (Barefoot Contessa recipe)- so nice to eliminate Crisco, and not need to let it rest! My family has thoroughly enjoyed this crust as well- I love Minimalist Baker- i own a cookbook and have made many of the recipes from the blog over the years- she doesnt steer me wrong- for health oriented, quick and delicious recipes she is my go-to! Im just getting ready to attempt this as Gluten-free version – based on all of these helpful reviews….. crossing my fingers for success!

  54. Genevieve says

    Love this!! I’ve been making Betty Crocker’s pie crust for 20+ years (1c flour + 1/3c and 1 TB butter or Crisco + pinch of salt + 2 TB water) and this is the best non-dairy and non-soy substitute I’ve found yet! Not that there are a ton of options, but this is so… simple.

    I actually prepared this recipe while delightfully tipsy, so I will probably never successfully replicate it again. But refrigerated coconut oil and King Arthur gluten-free flour made a lovely, flaky, SUPER light crust for my allergen-friendly strawberry pie! I ended up using closer to 3 cups of flour, since the dough was so very moist with the normal proportions for a double crust, and it was a b**ch to roll out – extremely crumbly and fragile. However, it had that nice finger-feel to it, not grainy at all, and the coconut oil was actually easier to blend than butter. And using wax paper worked like a dream. I figured it would be a bit paler than usual, so I added a wee pinch of sugar to the crust mix, and sprinkled some on top of the pie as well. Worked out well – still a little ghostly, but with nice defined edges and some browning on top.

    Anyway, thanks for posting this recipe! My girlfriend (who has ALL the allergies) thanks you, and I do too! I love pie, so it’s awesome to have a vegan backup. Also, anyone looking for gluten free, this works with King Arthur blend with the xantham gum already incorporated. Thumbs up!

  55. Bonnie says

    Update – My pie, though hard to assemble, turned out really well. The crust was a bit crunchy but not tough as I first thought. I think I’ll add a bit more coconut oil. The picture of the flattened ball (above) did not resemble mine -mine was rather dry looking with cracks. I will persevere with this!

  56. Bonnie says

    Oh boy! After reading these comments, I have to wonder what I did wrong. I can make a traditional pie crust using shortening with my eyes closed. This crust was very difficult to roll and after piecing together the bottom I decided to use lattice strips for the top. I put a small piece of crust in the oven alongside the pie and after 30 minutes, I tried it – tough….very tough. And it hadn’t browned at all.
    Any tips?

  57. Lisa says

    Excellent! As an omnivore, I’ve never bothered making vegan pies because I couldn’t imagine a crust with no butter. As a chef with vegan clients, though… Here we are. This’ll be my go-to going forward. Even the re-rolled scraps were tender after baking – no coconut flavor that I could detect. The only change I found necessary was to add more salt – really necessary. Great recipe!

  58. Maureen says

    I made a blueberry pie and used these recipes to make my pie crust and it turn out fine.It made a great snack for my cheat night.I used wheat flour. Thanks for these recipe.?

  59. Mini says

    Was the perfect recipe for this pie newbie. I used triticale flour, so I needed more water, but overall a big success. Thanks

  60. Charity says

    I used Bob’s Red Mill GF 1-to-1 Baking flour. I needed quite a bit more water, double, but it otherwise worked great!!

  61. Sascha says

    Having recently decided to cut down on cow dairy I decided to give this a go to make mince pie pastry. It was super easy to blitz in the food processor (though perhaps not as long next time). It was pretty easy to roll (using a small knife to lift it off the worktop) and baked with the filling longer and lower than regular pastry. Although slightly crumblier, it still tasted buttery and not overly coconutty. Will definitely make this again. I wonder if I could get away with it for those not cutting out dairy!!

  62. Tamara says

    I made this crust today and I am so glad I did. I was praying it turned out well and it did. I loved it. It was flakey, lite and very tasty. I made a sweet potato pie and it was enjoy wholeheartedly. Thanks for posting this, I sincerely enjoyed it.

  63. Jessica says

    Amazing, fantastic, awesome recipe! I made half to be the bottom crust in an apple crumb pie for Thansgiving and it was fabulous! So light, flaky, tender and crisp with such a delicious, non-obtrusive flavour. It was the perfect amount for my 9.5″ pie plate and rolled out beautifully too. I do all dairy free baking as my husband is allergic to dairy and this is definitely my new go to crust for any pies and tarts I make from now on! Thank you!!!

  64. Maureen Cram says

    I am sooooooooooooooooo happy that I decided to make this recipe. Have been battling in South Africa as there is no vegan hard shortening and my vegan butter doesn’t work for pastry. I just made some mini fruit mince pies… and once they cooled off I had to sample one. Amazing.. flaky, tender (and we re-rolled the scraps to get more out of the rolled crust).

    Will be using this recipe for my TG pumpkin pie in a few weeks (we have invited my son for TG and the earliest he can make is second week of December as here in SA it is major summer holidays around Christmas time so everyone gets busy before the holidays).

    Perfect ration of flour to oil. Wonderful. Doing happy dance :).

  65. Wanda says

    Made these a few weeks ago. Awesome. Easy to make, delicious. Will be saving this and using it again and again. I was looking for a recipe for a friend who just found out he is lactose intolerant. Didn’t tell my husband (He is a very fussy eater) He loved them and so did the friend. Making this up today for our church bazaar. Thanks so much!!!

  66. Christine Panaretaki says

    Hi there

    Been looking for some Vegan recipes, so was happy to trip upon your Coconut Oil based pastry.
    My question is if you need to or not, bake the pastry base for a short time as with other pastry recipes prior to putting in the filling and then cooking normally until the filling is ready?

    Kind Regards

  67. Cheryl says

    I recently learned that I have a dairy intolerance and have to give it up in order to live without migraines, nose bleeds and stomach issues. So that means I had to throw my grandmothers pie crust recipe out the window. I searched online and found this one. I have a Friends Thanksgiving dinner to go to this evening and they expect me to make pie. I made my apple pie filling and tried this crust. The pie is in the oven now but I do not have high hopes for it. I followed the steps to a t and my dough super crumbly. After adding in the coconut oil, my dough never looked like yours. :( I made a double crust (barely) and threw it in the oven. I just took a peak and the top crust looks super oily. Are there any other tips or tricks you can share? I bought brand new King Arthur flour, chilled my water in the freezer and used organic solid coconut oil.

  68. LauraSue says

    Fantastic recipe! I keep my flour in the freezer, which turned out to be a plus with this recipe, as it likely kept the coconut oil cool and workable for longer. That said, I worked quickly and it took no time at all to get the oil evenly distributed. I ended up using 12 TBSP ice water. I think the trick is to add water 1 or 2 TBSP at a time until it’s willing to pull together.

    After putting the crust in the pan, doing a little repair work, and prettying up the edges, I popped the pan into the freezer for 5-10 mins. while I made the filling for the pecan pie. I baked this at 325 for 10 minus, then 300 for 55 minutes. It did retain a slight coconut note. I don’t mind, but others may, so I might use the refined coconut oil next time. The crust baked beautifully, was perfectly done and, surprisingly, the edges did not collapse during baking. Thanks so much for sharing this recipe!

  69. Kelly says

    This worked out really well for me and I got an incredibly flaky, tender pie crust. I’d say my best crust ever. I used regular flour and it worked so well. (I later tried a GF flour version and that was a dud, so will just stick to doing the recipe as is from now on.) I did it in the food processor. I pulsed 9 x 1 sec with the flour, salt & coconut oil, then adding 60 ml water in 20 ml increments, pulsing 3 x 1 sec each. I can’t wait to make a pie again with this recipe next week!

  70. Madison W. says

    I made this recipe as two 9-inch crusts for a peach pie with a gluten free flour (Bob’s Red Mill). I ended up using 1 cup of water to help with the binding. However, it was still not the consistency I wanted — more like magic sand in a way. So in the end I let it refrigerate overnight. After taking it out and letting sit to soften a bit, rolling it out to the size I wanted was a lot easier. So I would suggest in the end not using as much water but then placing in the freezer for 30 min or refrigerating for a couple of hours. Overall the crust turned out okay after baking, it took about 50 min with the last 10 min foiling the edges. I would make this again knowing what I know now.:)

  71. Erika says

    Update, I ended up pushing the dough into the bottom of the pan because I couldn’t manage to roll it out (too crumbly). It turned out great! The crust was, surprisingly (since I squished it densely together), light and flaky. The coconut oil added an awesome coconutty type taste in the crust that I loved.

  72. Erika says

    Hi, this was one of my first few attempts at making crust because I just can’t seem to make a good crust. So, I don’t know what I did wrong with this one. It looked like the pictures you had provided – and it smelled great. However, as soon as I went to roll it out it just kept cracking and crumbling and anytime I tried to move it to the pie plate, it fell apart into a crumbling mess (I used 4 T of water). I ended up cheating and just pressing it down in to the pie plate. I’ll find out in about 1/2 an hour if I’m going to really regret that. Could someone please tell me what I might have done wrong?

    Btw, I made two of your granola date bar recipes and they were great!!

    • Kelly says

      Hi Erika, did you roll the dough out between 2 sheets of parchment paper? This is how I do it, then peel one off and its easy to place the remaining rolled out dough into the pie tin or on top of the pie.

  73. Elena says

    Oh you are my life saver! Truly. I have come close to vegan cousine for necessity as my two years old is allergic to both dairies and eggs. I am Italian that means EVERYTHING I say, I say in words and by cooking. And I LOVE cooking. And talk. ?But it is not easy to do the switch especially if you haven’t ‘asked for’ it. During pregnancy, I used to dream of the time we would cook together like my mum used to do with me..and then, suddenly, I had no idea HOW to do it without getting a hysterical crisis. After a year, lots of reading inyour blog, I think I can proudly say we have started to cook together and I feel I need to thank you also for this! ??

  74. Leigh says

    Amazing! This was my first time using coconut oil, cooking vegan, and making a pie crust from scratch! I thought it would turn out badly, but everything turned out perfectly! Thanks for the great recipe!

  75. Heather Wilbur says

    How long do you bake it if you are only baking the crust? Making the crust to put fresh strawberries in!

  76. Qing says


    If I want to try one cup of all purpose flour, can I use 1/3 cup of coconut oil, 3 table spoon of cold water and 1/4 tsp salt. I want to make chinese egg tarts but don’t want to use butter.


  77. Jennifer says

    This is the best pie crust recipe! For years I avoided pies. The pie crusts of my grandmothers and mother were always perfect – both beautiful and wonderfully flaky. But they use Crisco. I refuse to use Crisco. No recipe with butter and oil ever compared. But this … the proportions of flour/coconut oil/water are perfect, it rolls easily, shapes well, and I am no longer afraid of pies!

  78. Tammy says

    I made this today for Apple pie. I will never use shortening or butter again….this was so easy and forgiving….and so flakey…my husband said… pie ever!!!

  79. Supervixen says

    I was so excited about this, a vegan Pie crust!!!! I made this as the crust for a pecan pie.

    The crust was very dry, like sand. I was disappointed.

  80. Goaty says

    This was lovely! To make it gluten-free, I substituted Bob’s Red Mill 1:1 baking mix and it worked beautifully – I just had to add some extra water. It rolled out no problem, held together while I was putting the dough in the pan, and turned out nice and flaky with a crispy crust in the end! It doesn’t taste as light as a usual pie crust full of gluten and butter, but really I’m not complaining. This recipe is so much more than I ever thought I could have hoped for in a gluten-free vegan pie!! Once again, you have worked some incredible magic to bring baked goods without the problematic ingredients to the world. Thank you!

  81. Rose says

    First timer and was fabulous! Made it w coconutcustard pie recipe. Turned out excellent especially in PR weather. Delicious! Gotta play it by eye. Water more or else due to humidity but since I’ve made it traditionally I know how a raw crust shd look. Turned out delicious.

  82. Morningstar335 says

    I made 2 single batches, one for a vegan pumpkin pie, and one for a vegan apple pie. The pie crust rolled out was much too thick, and the bottom stuck. I was very disappointed. I love Bobs Red Mill products, however this one failed :(

  83. Seztze Röth-Kraüsse says

    Can this pie crust be made with food die for an aesthetic purpose? I am a makeup artist and I want a pie to celebrate my new makeup line.

  84. Vasilissa Elysian Colecuzy says

    Can I use pre-bake this crust and use it for a cold-filling pie? I despise using cookie crumbs and usually use regular pie crust. I want to make a lemon icebox pie and use this crust.

  85. Charlotte says

    Made this with whole wheat and it worked perfectly. I am so happy to have found your site! You’re an amazing baker, teacher and photographer!! I don’t find cooking comes to me easy but I found your recipe here so positive and user friendly. Thanks so much! This page is now bookmarked and I’ll definitely be coming back to try out more of your recipes. : )

  86. Daniela Toro says

    Love this recipe. The taste is amazing. But when making my pie crust was rising in the oven, anyone else has this issue?

  87. Megan says

    Delicious! Thank you for the wonderful dairy-free recipe. I will say, though, as a pie crust novice I was a bit freaked out as I mixed my water in, one tablespoon at a time as directed, and ended up needing FOURTEEN tablespoons of ice water before it came together in a sort of dough(yes, I’m sure I only did a single recipe). In the end it pulled together into a very nice dough that became my first ever successful pie crust, but while I was adding and mixing, adding and mixing, I was very worried I was doing something horribly wrong. LOL!!!

  88. Avigail Schotz says

    Question: A lot of pie crust recipes recommend chilling before you roll them out to increase flakiness. Have you tried this? Also just making sure that this recipe as it is will be enough for a bottom crust AND a top?


    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerDana @ Minimalist Baker says

      Hi there! So coconut oil hardens in the fridge. So if you want to chill slightly to help with the texture, only do so for a short amount of time (maybe 10-15 minutes), or it will flake and break! Best of luck!

  89. Christine says

    I used this crust recipe for my rhubarb hand pies. Although I forgot the salt…but I didn’t notice. Wonderfully flaky with a hint of coconut.

  90. nina says

    well I won’t be using this recipe again… I used gluten free flour and the dough felt great, but after baking it as the base for a quiche it was absolutely impossible to get out of the tin. It was like glue to the tin and I might have to throw it out.

    • John Browne says

      You might try lining the pan with parchment before you bake.

      I made a 10″ berry/rhubarb pie with this crust recipe… and I’m still smiling! I was a commercial baker (you know- Weight EVERYTHING!) AND never guessed that I’d get results like this from anything but lard… or butter. This is Awesome… and no coconut flavor (which wouldn’t trouble me, but does make some people ‘nervous’).
      THANK you, Dana! ^..^

  91. Roma says

    I made this with gluten free flour and it worked fine! I always mix up a big batch of Jeanne’s all purpose gluten free flour, from the blog Art of Gluten Free Baking. It works well for just about everything except yeast bread.
    I did have to use more cold water. I lost count, but I probably used 8 to 10 tablespoons.

  92. Tilli says

    Here is great tip for rolling out the dough. Use plastic wrap on either side, between the counter top and the dough and the dough and the rolling pin. This leaves you able to easily roll out the dough and maneuver it into a pan.

  93. Liz says

    So I want to try this crust with a pecan pie filling, and the pecan pie requires 50-60 min in the oven, but the pie crust is recommended at 45 min, do you think this will be an issue?

  94. Mollie says

    I am wondering if this pie crust will freeze like other doughs. I teach a children’s cooking club and we are making the pies next week but making the dough today.

  95. Bron says

    Hello Dana. I was looking for gluten and dairy free pastry and came across your recipe. And then it clicked that a couple of weeks ago I made your cookies. Oats and mashed bananas and nothing else. They smelt like Banana Paddlepops.Delicious.You may be Einstein in the kitchen.

  96. Ruth Kahn says

    Could the problems people had be explained by differences in the coconut oil? My current brand (Vitacost) is either hard or oily, never in-between and spoonable. If so, identifying some that are spoonable by brand name (if your site allows that) might be helpful.

    • Stephen Magladry says

      I live in the Pacific Northwest. i have found coconut oil to be tempeture finicky. My coconut oil is rock hard at 65° and unworkable or liquid at 75° and unworkable. Not having the oil at a right tempature can be th difference between success and failure for the crust. Here’s my method to get the coconut oil workable.

      Cool the coconut oil to the solid end of your brand. The tempature will varies with brand. You might think you can cut/break the coconut into small enough pieces to be workable; don’t. I have found that a piece even 1/4 pea size will leave small holes in the crust when the oil melts.

      I have found to get the consistency right, and also looking like the photo above, SHAVE the oil with a spoon. It is important to have the oil near the cold end; warm oil won’t shave.

      I the warm the oil to make it a little more workable in a VERY LOW in the microwave, 10% power. Warming at full power will will lead to to a liquidy mess. Go slow and low. I warm the coconut until it has the texture of a firm room temperature butter.

      Another finicky part of coconut oil in resting. I keep my house cool, 65°. If I let my crust rest at room temperature, my dough will unworkably hard. During the summer, at 75° the dough would be a gooey mess. In any case, leaving the dust workable is more important than letting the dough rest.

      That’s probably more than you wanted to know, but what I have found to work with coconut oil with a pie crust.

  97. Maria says

    I decided to try this with the GF flour mix I had on hand (Bulk Barn mix, with no xantam gum), and it was easy to roll. I just followed your instructions, only needed one tablespoon of cold water. I started rolling it right on the counter, but then I decided to try rolling it on top of a piece of parchment paper. That way i could lift it out and place it on the plate and then peal off the paper. I did use a bit of wheat flour for sprinkling on the rolling pin and on top of the parchment paper, but i think next time i will try other GF flour. I made apple cranberry pie. I dotted the filling with a bit of coconut oil also instead of butter.
    Thanks for this recipe! finally a pie that worked with coconut oil and GF!

  98. Taryn says

    Made this tonight all the way down in S.A – I adore these recipes -minimal ingredients and delivers what they promise. Flaky, crisp, BEEE -E – a – u – tiful pastry. I baked mine for about 5 – 7 mins to start off because I had a really wet filling, also I halved the recipe- it made 12 medium sized muffin tray cups. Also I did not roll out… I have three kids to whom I promised blueberry and apple pies and I had to move REAL quick. I roughly – using a knife – split the dough in half, then divided each half into 6 pieces and threw each piece into a muffin hole and used my fingers to shape! It was a mommy moment but it works, may work for those using GF that are having a hard time rolling them out? I want to throw confetti at you and have a parade about this hahahahaha. Thank you <3

  99. Debby says

    I have a really old Better Homes & Garden cookbook which has a vegetable oil pastry recipe. I substitute liquid coconut oil for the vegetable oil. After making the dough you roll out between two pieces of parchment paper (very easy to work with). Just like your recipe it has the wonderful smell of coconut when baking but poof the taste is gone when you eat it.

  100. kristine olsen says

    I think the consistency is totally dependent on the amount of flour used. I made the crust yesterday, but it was very oily. I’m thinking I didn’t use enough flour, I may have measured less than the recipe called for by mistake. It was very easy to work with and not at all crumbly. Also the fact that there was no way I could get 2 crusts out of this recipe made me think I shorted the flour by 1/2 cup. So maybe if the flour is off by even the slightest amount, it may make a big difference in how it rolls. (I actually didn’t roll it out but simply pressed it into the pan.)

  101. DianaC says

    Hi Dana. I’ve always made pastry in a food processor. You gently stir the water in with wooden spoon. Does this make all the difference? I’m trying to cut down on time spent so would really love it if it works the same in a food processor.

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      I think this might just be a matter of preference! Feel free to just mix it in with a spoon and see what works best for you!

  102. Diana Cumberledge says

    Thanks for this recipe. I want to make savoury vegetable tartlets. I used a recipe that had a higher oil content than yours and some herbs and salt. The pastry tasted wonderful but fell apart too easily. I’m going to try your recipe but want to know if adding herbs could affect the robustness of the pastry? Also, does adding a bit more water making it less crumbly?

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerSupport @ Minimalist Baker says

      I think adding herbs could be a nice addition to this, let us know how it turns out! I would add enough water so that the dough comes together nicely and, yes, to make it less crumbly!

  103. Marc Eckert says

    I just tried this crust. I’d not made pie crust in years. This was so easy and elated with the results. I made a mince meat pie w jar of filling I had left in my cupboard I got half price after last Christmas. The mince meat was a bit strong. After the first piece I had to have more of the crust, I ended up eating half the pie, I ate the crust and my dog Emma got the filling. I think she is mad at me now. I plan to make an apple pie and a blueberry pie this week using this crust.

  104. Anna says

    For those wondering about whether you could par-bake this recipe, I did and it works out perfectly well. Bake it at 350 degrees for about 20 minutes (Keep your eyes on it) after prepping it like a regular pie crust, and then filled it with a veggie shepard’s pie and it came out crisp and flaky even after the filling was in there.

  105. cpk says

    I’ve made lots of gluten-free pie crusts – sometimes substituting a significant portion of the flour with almond flour ( if you do this, you can reduce the amount of oil by about 1/4 cup, as the fats from the almonds help quite a bit – this also might mitigate the overpowering coconut flavor some folks have been mentioning)
    when it comes time to roll this out, it ain’t gonna be like my grandma’s flour and lard crusts that rolled out like playdoh. Instead, what I do is flatten the ball of dough, put it between two pieces of parchment paper or plastic wrap (spray with a bit of oil) and roll it out between the papers. take the top piece of paper off, then flip over into pie dish. There’s sometimes some breakage, but easily repairable. Always works for me!

  106. Rachel says

    Hi! Looks great! What is in the pictures of the pies (the filling) and can we have a recipe? Thanks in advance!

  107. Amy Benjamins says

    I followed this recipe and the pie crust was so crumbly! It was a nightmare to put into the pie tin!!!! NEVER AGAIN

  108. Barbara says

    I just made a pie crust using coconut oil and coconut flour. It will have a cherry crumble filling. I preordered baked the crust for 10 minutes, covering the edges with aluminum foil so they don’t burn. A little tricky to work with, but take your time and be patient, the results are amazing. Picture perfect.

  109. Melissa Gillaume Cappaert says

    I also found that I needed to add more ice water to hold the dough together. It turned out amazing! This is the best pie crust recipe I have found, especially since I am not a fan of vegan butter.

  110. Anna says

    I followed this to a tee and it was SO crumbly. I’ve been making pies for years, and haven’t ever struggled this much with a crust :( Did I not rest it long enough? (I let it sit in a ball for 30 min at room temp before attempting to roll it). I didn’t want to refrigerate it as I would do with a butter crust due to the coconut oil.

  111. Sherry Scott says

    Made the coconut oil crust and it was perfect until I refrigerated the finished pie after serving two pieces without any problem. When I tried to get the third piece out of the corningware pie pan, the crust was like concrete on the bottom and really tough to goudge out of the pan with a metal spatula! The pie crust was perfect on top, and on the bottom on the first two pieces, so I am left wondering WHY the refrigerated pie is so hard to get out of the pan. No berry juice had traveled beneath the bottom crust, so that isn’t a problem.

  112. Shannon says

    Made a goat’s cheese and onion tart with this recipe today and it was pretty good! I used spelt flour which was no problem consistency-wise, but the coconut flavour from the oil was quite apparent. Perhaps I need to try a different brand.
    Anyway, thank you for the recipe!

  113. Paige says

    I had to eliminate wheat and all forms of sugar so haven’t enjoyed pie in over a year but since my system is tolerating spelt and a bit of fruit now I really wanted Strawberry Rhubarb Pie this Mother’s Day. Your recipe is fantastic! I used my stand mixer to reduce handling the dough too much and it came together beautifully. I really liked that I didn’t have any waste. I just formed it into a full circle, rolled the edges down and put a fluted edge on the pie as I didn’t put a top crust on it. It even stood up to the excess juice created by the fruit. Thanks!

  114. Met says

    I really liked the flavor of this crust, but found that I needed way more water to get the dough to come together. The coconut oil was the perfect scooping consistency, so I know that wasn’t the issue. I just added more until the dough was wet enough for rolling. I also would have added a bit more salt. Came out great – thanks for another great recipe!

  115. Isabella George says

    WONDERFUL… so easy and delicious… I made a small veggie pot pie, and had some of the mix left over… the next day I added a tiny bit more cold water and it came back perfectly… I made shredded red cabbage patties that next day… So happy to have found this simple recipe, it’s so flaky…Thank you.

  116. Bernadette Smith says

    This was my first try at a vegan pie crust, and I will definitely make it over and over again. A must try! Flaky and tender crust. Two thumbs’ up!!

  117. Jessica says

    I tried this tonight… we only use whole wheat while flour and the texture what great but all I could taste was coconut flavor so I didn’t care too much for it. My kids on the other hand, one who is dairy free enjoyed it and gobbled it up

    • Glenn Phillips says

      Try using refined coconut oil. Very little flavor, and usually less expensive than “virgin” coconut oil. I made two versions of this crust, one using refined (for pumpkin pie) and one using virgin, for a coconut custard pie. Both came out beautifully.

  118. Jess says

    Hi! can’t wait to try this recipe! I haven’t baked a pie in years because I never knew how to make a plant-based crust! Do you have a recipe to share for the yummy looking pecan filling you used in these photos??

  119. Beems says

    I made a GF version that came out quite well. I halved the recipe and instead of flour I used 1 cup of oat flour +1 tsp xanthan gum & 1 tbsp arrowroot flour. After pulsing the ingredients in a cuisinart, the dough came out looking like moist crumbles. I dumped it in a pie pan and easily spread it out using the palm of my hand. I added pumpkin filling to this one, but next time I think i’ll try apple!

  120. Dana Z says

    I made this crust for a blueberry galette and was pleasantly surprised at how well it held up with minimal coconut flavor. I did have to add about three times the water though to achieve the desired consistency and was wondering if you’ve got any thoughts as to why?

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerDana @ Minimalist Baker says

      Hi Dana! Coconut oil is different depending on what brand you buy and what temperature it is at. But as long as it worked, you should be fine!

  121. Angie C says

    Does this work for a pie crust that is baked empty for a custard-filled pie? And if so, what temperature would you bake it and for how long?
    Thanks! Can’t wait to try it!

    • Sally says

      Haven’t seen any other comments addressing this so I’m wondering whether you baked these empty and how it went? I’m wanting to use this recipe to make mini aquafaba lemon meringue pies and i’m not sure if i should blind bake with rice in them or what!

        • Glenn Phillips says

          I blind baked mine in a 400F oven for 25 minutes, with just foil on the bottom, no pie weights. I pushed it down to reduce puffing once during the 25 minutes, and then again at 25 minutes. I then took off the foil and gave it another 8 minutes to brown a little before adding the warm custard to finish cooking. (I used cooks illustrated’s pumpkin pie recipe, subbing almond/coconut half and half for the dairy in the recipe). Came out perfectly.

  122. D. Nicole says

    I made this with a.p. flour, 1/3 c scoopable evco, 6 T water. It turned out great. Easy to work with. Thanks!!

  123. Holly says

    Yum!!! pie heaven!!!! very easy, made this at the same time as hubby’s preferred butter version & everyone was happy. now just dreaming about what to do with the other half portion in the fridge! my 2 year old was a happy accomplice in the kitchen so better than playdough coz we could eat it!! thanks, great recipe :-) Holly ps crust was a wee bit crumbly as I didn’t let it rest before I rolled it out but just baked & filled with bean, potatoes & basil so yummy!

    • Betsy Mattimoe says

      I JUST made this with almond flour this morning because I was making a peach almond crostata and I thought the almond flour might give it some extra flavor—and I was right! The flavor was spectacular. I did notice that it took every drop of the 6T of iced water, maybe a few drops more, than all purpose flour, to come together.

  124. Desiree Trudell says

    This is seriously the most amazing pie crust recipe EVER. I usually make nut-based crusts and they almost always fall apart. I just made the most amazing mini vegan apple pies using hotforfood’s salted caramel apple crumble filling and crumble recipes with this crust and it was a huge success! Long live coconut oil!

  125. cocofan says

    Just FYI in case it’s useful. Whether coconut oil is more or less solid or liquid, in regard to being “scoopable,” is determined by temperature. Coconut oil melts at about 75 degree Fahrenheit. Too splashy? Put it in the fridge. Too rock-hard? Warm it up! (i.e., put Jar in warm water bath) Melts in your hand…

    ps. a Tablespoon a day is health-enhancing:

  126. Diana says

    Quick question do I have to oil the muffin tin pan so the crust doesn’t stick?
    Thank you,
    First time baker, Diana :)

  127. Rhoda says

    Are you using refined or unrefined coconut? I can’t imagine that the unrefined would not have a strong coconut flavor.

  128. Kathy H. says

    I am going to try this, but because of arthritis issues, I would prefer using my food processor to make the crust. Is there a specific way to add the coconut oil that would be different than using butter?

    • Avatar for Dana @ Minimalist BakerDana @ Minimalist Baker says

      Nope! I would just mix the dry ingredients, then add the coconut oil and pulse, then add water and pulse. Should be pretty fool proof! Good luck, Kathy!

  129. Stella @ Stellicious Life says

    I’ve been making pie crust with coconut oil and whole wheat or spelt or oat flour for some time now and was pleasantly surprised that it isn’t crumbly without the butter. And yes, it worked well with different kinds of flour (sometimes I mixed them, other times I used just one type).

  130. Jane says

    I have been doing a process like this for a few years now and I find that you can easily rub the coconut oil into the flour with your fingers as in traditional pastry making, especially if your oil is quite hard in a kind of ‘butter out of the fridge’ consistency, which for some reason my coconut oil always seems to be except on the warmest days, in spite of living in Australia! You can use spelt (white or wholemeal) – it works well. I am going to make your pumpkin pie filling as it looks yummalicious

  131. I Ain't says

    Last year I used coconut oil instead of butter in the pie crust recipe, and it turned out perfectly. Used the Bob’s Red Mill flour mix instead of the website’s specific flour mix, with added xanthan gum for parity. Don’t know if this information helps you any, but gluten free piecrust can be done with coconut oil.

  132. Lindsy says

    It doesn’t work as well with gluten free. I used Pamela’s gluten free all purpose flour last year with coconut oil to make a pie crust and it was impossible to roll out. It had no elasticity. I haven’t tried other types of flours; my gluten free friend was very specific about what type of flour that could be used.

    • Thalia says

      A beautiful recipe but tricky with gluten free flours. I had Earth Balance Coconut spread and Earth Balance soy free butter spread on hand when I made my pies with Pamela’s gluten free artisan flour. I have found that it only ‘works’ ( getting that elasticity) if you use more vegan butter than the coconut oil. You still need the coconut spread to create that incredible flakiness and the soy free butter spread is too oily on it’s own. You need both. It’s mad science but it works.

      • Emma says

        Thank you! What approx. ration of Earth balance to coconut oil did you use? I’m using the artisan blend to make a GF and Dairy free crust for thanksgiving.

    • Brittany says

      For a gluten free flour, you might need to use eggs or an egg substitute (like a flax egg) to bind it together instead of water. Since there’s no gluten to give the dough structure, water will just make it fall apart.

    • Mark Andrew Abraham says

      Great recipe! I am GF/egg-free so I made my dough this way and it worked out very well. Here’s my flour recipe (double qty): 2 cups coconut flour, 1 cup brown rice flour, 1 cup corn starch, 1 tsp salt, 1 cup brown sugar, dash vanilla, 3 flax/chia eggs*.
      *Flax/chia eggs: warm water + 3 TBSP Flax or Chia (or both). Stir until well mixed, the place in freezer until chilled. Stir into the flour, then add the coconut oil. We were running low on coconut oil so I added some Sunflower oil. Follow the directions above and mix well.

    • Ganesh Ramanarayanan says

      GF flour + coconut is hard to roll, but you can still manipulate it into a pie shape (bottom and top crust). Use a cutting board and place the dough between two sheets of plastic wrap or similar. As you roll, the dough will fall apart, so peel back the plastic wrap and re-attach the dough to make it contiguous. Continue until you get one contiguous flat sheet. Now you can remove the top plastic wrap and use the cutting board as support to flip this into or on top of a pie pan, and finally you can remove the bottom plastic wrap and you’re done.